Vocabulario para aprobar el examen C1 de inglés

Para aprobar tu examen de C1 es indispensable tener una buena gramática a la hora de formar frases, pero si además eres capaz de destacar con tu vocabulario usando adjetivos variados, sustituir algunos verbos muy usados por phrasal verbs y demostrar que puedes aplicar idioms y collocations en el momento adecuado, obtendrás una puntuación muy favorable no solo en la parte oral, sino también en la parte escrita.

Listas de vocabulario que debes saber para el C1 de inglés

Si quieres asegurarte un aprobado en el examen del nivel C1 de inglés, es necesario que amplíes el vocabulario que tienes en este idioma. Para ayudarte en esta tarea hemos preparado una serie de listas de vocabulario específico de distintos campos.

Repásalas y estudia aquellas palabras o expresiones que no conocías:

Business Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
Job rotationThe systematic movement of employees from one job to another within the organization
FundA sum of money saved or made available for a particular purpose.
ShareholderAn owner of shares in a company.
PitchA presentation of a business idea to a group of people who can help make the idea into a reality.
Work-life balanceThe division of one’s time and focus between working and family or leisure activities.
Team buildingMake a group of people to work together effectively as a team.
Sales figuresThe information or numbers indicating how many products have been sold.
Contractual liabilityLiability imposed on an entity by the terms of a contract.
RedundancyThe state of being no longer in employment because there is no more work available.
CEO (abbrev. Chief Executive Officer)The top position in an organization.
StrikeA refusal to work organized by employees.
EconomizeReduce one’s expenses.
Business ventureSpeculation in which something is risked in the hope of profit.

Communication Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
Facial expressionThe feelings expressed on a person’s face.
ComputerizeProvide with computers.
To get acrossCommunicate successfully.
BluntDirectness in manner or speech.
AmbiguousHaving more than one possible meaning.
MumbleTalk indistinctly; usually in a low voice.
ComprehendGet the meaning of something.
SlangInformal language.
BroadcastBroadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television.
JargonSpecial words and phrases that are used by particular groups of people, especially in their work.
TabloidA type of popular newspaper with small pages that has many pictures and short, simple reports.
Blurt outTo say something suddenly and without thinking, usually because you are excited or nervous.

Economics Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
SavingsThe money that you keep in an account in a bank or similar financial organization.
BarterTo exchange goods for other things rather than for money.
ScarcityA situation in which something is not easy to find or get.
EntrepreneurshipSkill in starting new businesses, especially when this involves seeing new opportunities.
BudgetingThe process of calculating how much money you must earn or save during a particular period of time, and of planning how you will spend it.
WagesMoney that is paid or received for work or services, as by the hour, day, or week.
OverheadThe regular and necessary costs, such as rent and heating, that are involved in operating a business.
FranchisesA right to sell a company’s products in a particular area using the company’s name.
PartnershipA company that is owned by two or more people.
Brand nameThe name given to a particular product by the company that makes it.
CorporationsA large company or group of companies that is controlled together as a single organization.
MerchandiseGoods that are bought and sold.
SpeculationThe act of speculating in order to make a profit.

Law Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
TrialThe hearing of statements and showing of objects, etc. In a law court to judge if a person is guilty of a crime or to decide a case or a legal matter.
JuryA group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide if a person is guilty or not guilty, or if a claim has been proved.
RiotAn occasion when a large number of people behave in a noisy, violent, and uncontrolled way in public, often as a protest.
VerdictAn opinion or decision made after judging the facts that are given, especially one made at the end of a trial.
SmugglingThe act or process of taking things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally
VictimizeTo treat someone in an intentionally unfair way, especially because of their race, sex, beliefs, etc…
BribeTo try to make someone do something for you by giving them money, presents, or something else that they want.
FleeTo escape by running away, especially because of danger or fear.
AssaultA violent attack.
EnforceTo make people obey a law, or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted.
SentenceTo decide and say offcially what a punishment will be.
FelonySerious crime that can be punished by one or more years in prison.
FraudThe crime of getting money by deceiving people.

Medicine Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
MitigateTo make something less harmful, unpleasant, or bad.
TrackTo record the progress or development of something over a period.
Feel up toTo have the energy to do something.
Get overTo return to your usual state of health or happiness after having a bad or unusual experience, or an illness.
National health careThe services provided by a country or an organization that involve caring for people’s health and treating people who are ill.
C-sectionAn operation on a woman to allow the birth of her child through a cut made in her abdomen.
SprainTo cause an injury to a joint (= a place where two bones are connected) by a sudden movement.
Life supportThe equipment used to keep a dangerously ill person alive.
Forensic medicineUsing the methods of science to provide information about a crime.
Sick leaveTime away from work because of illness.

Politics Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
LegislationA law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament.
CoalitionThe joining together of different political parties or groups for a particular purpose.
ConstituencyThe people who live and can vote in a particular area.
DictatorshipThe state of being, or being ruled by, a dictator.
SpinA way of describing an idea or situation that makes it seem better than it really is, especially in politics.
SenateOne of the two groups of politicians who make laws in some political systems such as in the us, australia, and france, often having different powers from the other group and different rules for members, for example being elected for a longer period.
OppositionIn some political systems, the elected politicians who belong to the largest party that does not form the government.
Head of stateThe offcial leader of a country, often someone who has few or no real political powers.
ManifestoA written statement of the beliefs, aims, and policies of an organization, especially a political party.
ElectorateAll the people who are allowed to vote.
CorruptionIllegal, bad, or dishonest behavior, especially by people in positions of power.
AuthorityA group of people with offcial responsibility for a particular area of activity.

Sports Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
SpectatorsPeople who watch an activity, spec. a public event, without taking part.
UmpireA person who is present at a sports competition in order to make certain that the rules of that particular game are obeyed and to judge if particular actions are acceptable.
GrandstandA set of seats arranged in rising rows, sometimes covered by a roof, from which people can easily watch sports or other events.
OpponentA person who someone is competing against in a sports event.
Half timeA short rest period between the two parts of a sports game.
Look up toTo admire.
Call offCancel something.
KnockoutA competition in which only the winners of each stage play in the next stage, until one competitor or team is the final winner.
A drawTo finish a game with the same number of points as the other person or team.
BeatTo defeat a competitor, or to do or be better than someone or something.
A rodA long, thin pole made of wood, metal, or other material (fishing rod).
CheerA loud shout of approval or encouragement.

Shopping Vocabulary C1

ExpressionDefinition
Big brand namesA type of product made by a particular company.
To go into debtThe amount of money that is owed by a person, company, country, etc. And that they usually have to pay interest on.
Reward pointsMeans the point you earn for each different purchase.
A must have productAn essential or highly desirable item.
ShippingThe transport of goods by sea or some other means.
A rip offTo cheat someone by making them pay too much money for something.
Window shoppingThe activity of spending time looking at the goods on sale in shop windows without intending to buy any of them.
ShopaholicA person who enjoys shopping very much and does it a lot.
Out of stockProducts that are out of stock are not available to buy in a store because they have all been sold.
A tillThe drawer in a cash register (= a machine which records sales in a shop, and in which money is kept) or the cash register itself.
BarcodeA small rectangular pattern of thick and thin black lines printed on a product, or on its container, so that the details of the product can be read by and recorded on a computer system.

Cómo usar collocations en inglés

Las collocations son grupos de palabras que suelen ir juntas. Estas combinaciones de palabras son usadas habitualmente en el lenguaje cotidiano. Usar collocations a la hora de producir tu discurso hará que este sea mucho más natural y, además, más expresivo y preciso.

Las más frecuentes son las que se conforman con un verbo seguido de una preposición y un sustantivo, que no se pueden literalmente ni tienen unas normas para saber cuál se utiliza, así que no queda otra que memorizar.

Aquí te traemos algunos ejemplos:

Collocations con Take

  • Take a test (hacer un test)
  • Take a nap (echarse una siesta)
  • Take a while (llevar un rato)
  • Take a chance (probar suerte)
  • Take a bite (dar un mordisco)
  • Take up space (ocupar espacio)
  • Take a bow (hacer una reverencia)
  • Take your time (tómate tu tiempo)

Collocations con Do

  • Do good (hacer el bien)
  • Do paperwork (hacer papeleo)
  • Do business (hacer negocios)
  • Do the laundry (hacer la colada)
  • Do badly (hacerlo mal)
  • Do research (investigar)
  • Do the dishes (lavar los platos)
  • Do someone a favor (hacer un favor)

Collocations con Make

  • Make a mess (hacer un desastre)
  • Make good impression (dar buena impresión)
  • Make an appointment (concertar una cita)
  • Make a move (dar el paso)
  • Make clear (dejar claro)
  • Make an offer (hacer una oferta)
  • Make a decision (tomar una decision)
  • Make an effort (hacer un esfuerzo)

vocabulario c1 ingles

Cómo usar phrasal verbs en el C1

La razón por la cual tienes que saber utilizar bien los diferentes phrasal verbs en un examen de C1 es porque de esta manera parecerás un nativo. Lo más recomendable es utilizarlos en la parte oral del examen sustituyendo otros verbos más comunes con el mismo significado.

Existe una infinidad de phrasal verbs, aquí te enseñamos unos cuantos:

Phrasal verbMeaning
Pull throughTo become well again after a serious illness, especially when you might have died.
Give inTo decide to do what someone else wants.
Crack down onTo take strong action to stop something.
Mess upTo spoil or damage something, or to do something wrong or badly.
Brush up onTo improve your knowledge of something already learned but partly forgotten.
Answer backTo speak rudely when answering someone in authority.
Take afterTo be like or to look like another family member or part of the family.
Buy offTo pay someone so that they do not cause you any trouble.
Dig upTo discover secret or forgotten facts by searching very carefully.

Cómo usar useful phrases

No olvidéis que en la parte del Speaking tenéis que saber utilizar algunas frases hechas y evitar repetir expresiones sencillas o de nivel B1 o B2. Aquí os dejamos algunas useful phrases para la parte oral del examen de C1 que te ayudarán a aumentar tus puntos. 

Frases para hablar de uno mismo

  • I’m into…
  • I’m a keen/avid [surfer, reader…].
  • I like to get away from the hustle and bustle of my job / school / the city.
  • I’m keen on/fond of (surfing) I’m a fan of… I’m a (bit of a) computer geek.
  • I’m a (bit of a) [workaholic].
  • I like to recharge my batteries on the weekend. What I really love about …/ing is …
  • The thing I like most of all is …/ing
  • I’m fanatical about …/ing

Frases para introducir tu punto de vista

  • These three pictures show people related to, involved in, in different situations that require…
  • Picture 1 attempts to show that kind of situation, but I think picture 2 does this more effectively
  • Perhaps, maybe, judging from the picture I’d say that…
  • It seems to me (that)…
  • I have the impression that
  • Personally,…
  • To my mind,…
  • I don’t know about you, but I…
  • I feel (strongly) that…
  • I (strongly) believe that…
  • Speaking from personal experience,…
  • For me personally,…

Frases para conversar con otra persona:

Para seguir con otra idea:
 

  • What about…. ? How about….. ?
  • Let’s consider
  • Why don’t we look at it?
  • Let’s move on to
  • Shall we discuss this idea next?

 

Para dar tu opinion:

  • The way I see it…
  • As I see it,
  • I have the impression that…
  • Personally,
  • To my mind,
  • I don’t know about you, but I…
  • Speaking from personal experience,
  • For me personally,

 

Para decir que estás de acuerdo:

  • I couldn’t agree more.
  • You are absolutely right.
  • You have a point there.
  • Absolutely!
  • Definitely!

 

Para mostrar desacuerdo:

  • That’s an interesting point, but / however…
  • I agree to some extent but
  • I agree up to a point
  • I’m in two minds about it.
  • I’m ambivalent about …

 

Para responder a la otra persona:

  • That’s a tricky question!
  • I’ve never really thought about that to my mind …
  • What a good question!
  • To be honest,
  • Well, let me think…
  • I’d say that
  • That’s an interesting question!

 

Para enfatizar tu opinion:

  • As far as I’m concerned,
  • To clarify what I mean, I can give you an example
  • From my personal experience
  • Some people say that
  • I strongly believe that
  • I might be wrong but …So, it’s obvious that….

 

Para dar pie a que hable la otra persona:

  • You’re partly right …
  • Do you agree?… or do you have a different opinion?
  • What ‘s your idea?
  • What do you think?
  • What are your thoughts?
  • How do you feel about that?

Consejos generales para aprobar el examen de C1

  • Consejos para la parte de Use of English: Haz un gran número de tests oficiales, organiza las tres partes en un cuaderno separando cada parte y así tenerlo todo apuntado. Finalmente, sobre todo, llevar un registro de las frases de key word transformation ya que muchas veces se repiten.
  • Consejos para el Reading: No te agobies si no entiendes todas las palabras, enfócate en el significado texto en general. Es muy aconsejable para practicar leer artículos sobre temas de actualidad en periódicos, publicaciones de divulgación científica, histórica, etc.
  • Consejos para el Listening: Como para el reading, deberías practicar el listening. Tras una primera escucha completa repítela siguiendo al mismo tiempo las transcripciones. Esto te ayudará mucho entender la pronunciación y saber dónde está exactamente la respuesta para cada pregunta.
  • Consejos para el Writing: Crea tu propio esquema para cada tipo de writing usando frases y expresiones hechas. Asegúrate de que estás contestando a la pregunta y si el formato es correcto y no te olvides de repasar con cuidado al acabar para corregir posibles errores de ortografía.
  • Consejos para el Speaking: Lo más importante es que tengas fluidez y muestres naturalidad. En este nivel ya deberías tener estructuras en inglés para evitar traducir frases enteras de español a inglés. Usa un buen vocabulario y aquello que diferencia al nivel avanzado: idioms, phrasal verbs y fixed phrases.

 

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.