Para aprobar tu examen de C1 es indispensable tener una buena gramática a la hora de formar frases, pero si además eres capaz de destacar con tu vocabulario usando adjetivos variados, sustituir algunos verbos muy usados por phrasal verbs y demostrar que puedes aplicar idioms y collocations en el momento adecuado, obtendrás una puntuación muy favorable no solo en la parte oral, sino también en la parte escrita.
Listas de vocabulario que debes saber para el C1 de inglés
Si quieres asegurarte un aprobado en el examen del nivel C1 de inglés, es necesario que amplíes el vocabulario que tienes en este idioma. Para ayudarte en esta tarea hemos preparado una serie de listas de vocabulario específico de distintos campos.
Repásalas y estudia aquellas palabras o expresiones que no conocías:
Business Vocabulary C1
|The systematic movement of employees from one job to another within the organization
|A sum of money saved or made available for a particular purpose.
|An owner of shares in a company.
|A presentation of a business idea to a group of people who can help make the idea into a reality.
|The division of one’s time and focus between working and family or leisure activities.
|Make a group of people to work together effectively as a team.
|The information or numbers indicating how many products have been sold.
|Liability imposed on an entity by the terms of a contract.
|The state of being no longer in employment because there is no more work available.
|CEO (abbrev. Chief Executive Officer)
|The top position in an organization.
|A refusal to work organized by employees.
|Reduce one’s expenses.
|Speculation in which something is risked in the hope of proﬁt.
Communication Vocabulary C1
|The feelings expressed on a person’s face.
|Provide with computers.
|To get across
|Directness in manner or speech.
|Having more than one possible meaning.
|Talk indistinctly; usually in a low voice.
|Get the meaning of something.
|Broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television.
|Special words and phrases that are used by particular groups of people, especially in their work.
|A type of popular newspaper with small pages that has many pictures and short, simple reports.
|To say something suddenly and without thinking, usually because you are excited or nervous.
Economics Vocabulary C1
|The money that you keep in an account in a bank or similar ﬁnancial organization.
|To exchange goods for other things rather than for money.
|A situation in which something is not easy to ﬁnd or get.
|Skill in starting new businesses, especially when this involves seeing new opportunities.
|The process of calculating how much money you must earn or save during a particular period of time, and of planning how you will spend it.
|Money that is paid or received for work or services, as by the hour, day, or week.
|The regular and necessary costs, such as rent and heating, that are involved in operating a business.
|A right to sell a company’s products in a particular area using the company’s name.
|A company that is owned by two or more people.
|The name given to a particular product by the company that makes it.
|A large company or group of companies that is controlled together as a single organization.
|Goods that are bought and sold.
|The act of speculating in order to make a proﬁt.
Law Vocabulary C1
|The hearing of statements and showing of objects, etc. In a law court to judge if a person is guilty of a crime or to decide a case or a legal matter.
|A group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide if a person is guilty or not guilty, or if a claim has been proved.
|An occasion when a large number of people behave in a noisy, violent, and uncontrolled way in public, often as a protest.
|An opinion or decision made after judging the facts that are given, especially one made at the end of a trial.
|The act or process of taking things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally
|To treat someone in an intentionally unfair way, especially because of their race, sex, beliefs, etc…
|To try to make someone do something for you by giving them money, presents, or something else that they want.
|To escape by running away, especially because of danger or fear.
|A violent attack.
|To make people obey a law, or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted.
|To decide and say offcially what a punishment will be.
|Serious crime that can be punished by one or more years in prison.
|The crime of getting money by deceiving people.
Medicine Vocabulary C1
|To make something less harmful, unpleasant, or bad.
|To record the progress or development of something over a period.
|Feel up to
|To have the energy to do something.
|To return to your usual state of health or happiness after having a bad or unusual experience, or an illness.
|National health care
|The services provided by a country or an organization that involve caring for people’s health and treating people who are ill.
|An operation on a woman to allow the birth of her child through a cut made in her abdomen.
|To cause an injury to a joint (= a place where two bones are connected) by a sudden movement.
|The equipment used to keep a dangerously ill person alive.
|Using the methods of science to provide information about a crime.
|Time away from work because of illness.
Politics Vocabulary C1
|A law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament.
|The joining together of different political parties or groups for a particular purpose.
|The people who live and can vote in a particular area.
|The state of being, or being ruled by, a dictator.
|A way of describing an idea or situation that makes it seem better than it really is, especially in politics.
|One of the two groups of politicians who make laws in some political systems such as in the us, australia, and france, often having different powers from the other group and different rules for members, for example being elected for a longer period.
|In some political systems, the elected politicians who belong to the largest party that does not form the government.
|Head of state
|The offcial leader of a country, often someone who has few or no real political powers.
|A written statement of the beliefs, aims, and policies of an organization, especially a political party.
|All the people who are allowed to vote.
|Illegal, bad, or dishonest behavior, especially by people in positions of power.
|A group of people with offcial responsibility for a particular area of activity.
Sports Vocabulary C1
|People who watch an activity, spec. a public event, without taking part.
|A person who is present at a sports competition in order to make certain that the rules of that particular game are obeyed and to judge if particular actions are acceptable.
|A set of seats arranged in rising rows, sometimes covered by a roof, from which people can easily watch sports or other events.
|A person who someone is competing against in a sports event.
|A short rest period between the two parts of a sports game.
|Look up to
|A competition in which only the winners of each stage play in the next stage, until one competitor or team is the ﬁnal winner.
|To ﬁnish a game with the same number of points as the other person or team.
|To defeat a competitor, or to do or be better than someone or something.
|A long, thin pole made of wood, metal, or other material (ﬁshing rod).
|A loud shout of approval or encouragement.
Shopping Vocabulary C1
|Big brand names
|A type of product made by a particular company.
|To go into debt
|The amount of money that is owed by a person, company, country, etc. And that they usually have to pay interest on.
|Means the point you earn for each different purchase.
|A must have product
|An essential or highly desirable item.
|The transport of goods by sea or some other means.
|A rip off
|To cheat someone by making them pay too much money for something.
|The activity of spending time looking at the goods on sale in shop windows without intending to buy any of them.
|A person who enjoys shopping very much and does it a lot.
|Out of stock
|Products that are out of stock are not available to buy in a store because they have all been sold.
|The drawer in a cash register (= a machine which records sales in a shop, and in which money is kept) or the cash register itself.
|A small rectangular pattern of thick and thin black lines printed on a product, or on its container, so that the details of the product can be read by and recorded on a computer system.
Cómo usar collocations en inglés
Las collocations son grupos de palabras que suelen ir juntas. Estas combinaciones de palabras son usadas habitualmente en el lenguaje cotidiano. Usar collocations a la hora de producir tu discurso hará que este sea mucho más natural y, además, más expresivo y preciso.
Las más frecuentes son las que se conforman con un verbo seguido de una preposición y un sustantivo, que no se pueden literalmente ni tienen unas normas para saber cuál se utiliza, así que no queda otra que memorizar.
Aquí te traemos algunos ejemplos:
Collocations con Take
- Take a test (hacer un test)
- Take a nap (echarse una siesta)
- Take a while (llevar un rato)
- Take a chance (probar suerte)
- Take a bite (dar un mordisco)
- Take up space (ocupar espacio)
- Take a bow (hacer una reverencia)
- Take your time (tómate tu tiempo)
Collocations con Do
- Do good (hacer el bien)
- Do paperwork (hacer papeleo)
- Do business (hacer negocios)
- Do the laundry (hacer la colada)
- Do badly (hacerlo mal)
- Do research (investigar)
- Do the dishes (lavar los platos)
- Do someone a favor (hacer un favor)
Collocations con Make
- Make a mess (hacer un desastre)
- Make good impression (dar buena impresión)
- Make an appointment (concertar una cita)
- Make a move (dar el paso)
- Make clear (dejar claro)
- Make an offer (hacer una oferta)
- Make a decision (tomar una decision)
- Make an effort (hacer un esfuerzo)
Cómo usar phrasal verbs en el C1
La razón por la cual tienes que saber utilizar bien los diferentes phrasal verbs en un examen de C1 es porque de esta manera parecerás un nativo. Lo más recomendable es utilizarlos en la parte oral del examen sustituyendo otros verbos más comunes con el mismo signiﬁcado.
Existe una infinidad de phrasal verbs, aquí te enseñamos unos cuantos:
|To become well again after a serious illness, especially when you might have died.
|To decide to do what someone else wants.
|Crack down on
|To take strong action to stop something.
|To spoil or damage something, or to do something wrong or badly.
|Brush up on
|To improve your knowledge of something already learned but partly forgotten.
|To speak rudely when answering someone in authority.
|To be like or to look like another family member or part of the family.
|To pay someone so that they do not cause you any trouble.
|To discover secret or forgotten facts by searching very carefully.
Cómo usar useful phrases
No olvidéis que en la parte del Speaking tenéis que saber utilizar algunas frases hechas y evitar repetir expresiones sencillas o de nivel B1 o B2. Aquí os dejamos algunas useful phrases para la parte oral del examen de C1 que te ayudarán a aumentar tus puntos.
Frases para hablar de uno mismo
- I’m into…
- I’m a keen/avid [surfer, reader…].
- I like to get away from the hustle and bustle of my job / school / the city.
- I’m keen on/fond of (surﬁng) I’m a fan of… I’m a (bit of a) computer geek.
- I’m a (bit of a) [workaholic].
- I like to recharge my batteries on the weekend. What I really love about …/ing is …
- The thing I like most of all is …/ing
- I’m fanatical about …/ing
Frases para introducir tu punto de vista
- These three pictures show people related to, involved in, in different situations that require…
- Picture 1 attempts to show that kind of situation, but I think picture 2 does this more effectively
- Perhaps, maybe, judging from the picture I’d say that…
- It seems to me (that)…
- I have the impression that
- To my mind,…
- I don’t know about you, but I…
- I feel (strongly) that…
- I (strongly) believe that…
- Speaking from personal experience,…
- For me personally,…
Frases para conversar con otra persona:
Para seguir con otra idea:
- What about…. ? How about….. ?
- Let’s consider
- Why don’t we look at it?
- Let’s move on to
- Shall we discuss this idea next?
Para dar tu opinion:
- The way I see it…
- As I see it,
- I have the impression that…
- To my mind,
- I don’t know about you, but I…
- Speaking from personal experience,
- For me personally,
Para decir que estás de acuerdo:
- I couldn’t agree more.
- You are absolutely right.
- You have a point there.
Para mostrar desacuerdo:
- That’s an interesting point, but / however…
- I agree to some extent but
- I agree up to a point
- I’m in two minds about it.
- I’m ambivalent about …
Para responder a la otra persona:
- That’s a tricky question!
- I’ve never really thought about that to my mind …
- What a good question!
- To be honest,
- Well, let me think…
- I’d say that
- That’s an interesting question!
Para enfatizar tu opinion:
- As far as I’m concerned,
- To clarify what I mean, I can give you an example
- From my personal experience
- Some people say that
- I strongly believe that
- I might be wrong but …So, it’s obvious that….
Para dar pie a que hable la otra persona:
- You’re partly right …
- Do you agree?… or do you have a different opinion?
- What ‘s your idea?
- What do you think?
- What are your thoughts?
- How do you feel about that?
Consejos generales para aprobar el examen de C1
- Consejos para la parte de Use of English: Haz un gran número de tests oﬁciales, organiza las tres partes en un cuaderno separando cada parte y así tenerlo todo apuntado. Finalmente, sobre todo, llevar un registro de las frases de key word transformation ya que muchas veces se repiten.
- Consejos para el Reading: No te agobies si no entiendes todas las palabras, enfócate en el significado texto en general. Es muy aconsejable para practicar leer artículos sobre temas de actualidad en periódicos, publicaciones de divulgación científica, histórica, etc.
- Consejos para el Listening: Como para el reading, deberías practicar el listening. Tras una primera escucha completa repítela siguiendo al mismo tiempo las transcripciones. Esto te ayudará mucho entender la pronunciación y saber dónde está exactamente la respuesta para cada pregunta.
- Consejos para el Writing: Crea tu propio esquema para cada tipo de writing usando frases y expresiones hechas. Asegúrate de que estás contestando a la pregunta y si el formato es correcto y no te olvides de repasar con cuidado al acabar para corregir posibles errores de ortografía.
- Consejos para el Speaking: Lo más importante es que tengas ﬂuidez y muestres naturalidad. En este nivel ya deberías tener estructuras en inglés para evitar traducir frases enteras de español a inglés. Usa un buen vocabulario y aquello que diferencia al nivel avanzado: idioms, phrasal verbs y ﬁxed phrases.